W.I.S.T.S.

Close Reading

Word Choice

Consider the connotation.

Identify example and go on to say “this suggests that…”

Imagery

  • Simile
  • Metaphor
  • Personification

Identify example and go on to say “in the same way as…”

Sentence Structure

Climax – creates a climax or anticlimax through a build-up of detail

Repetition – through repetition, the reader’s attention is focused on something that you must identify

Inversion – the subject and the predicate are switched to focus the reader’s attention on the object, or to delay the subject

Parenthesis – used to add additional information that must be identified

Punctuation – focus on colon, semi colon, exclamation mark and question mark

Length of sentence – short sentence focuses the reader’s attention on the whole sentence. Long sentence will exaggerate the number of points being made.

Ellipsis – … will create suspense or will demonstrate that there is additional information that the writer has chosen not to share.

Identify the element of sentence structure and explain its effect

Tone

There are as many tones as there are ways of saying or writing anything. As such, we will deal with tone separately. In the meantime, consider irony, flippancy, anger and humour.

Sound

Assonance – where there is a repetition of a vowel sound, the reader’s attention is focused on the sound being described.

Alliteration – where there is a repetition of a sound at the start of a word, the reader’s attention is focused on the sound being described.

Onomatopoeia – where the sound that is being described is made by saying the word aloud. This will focus the reader’s attention on the sound being made.

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